A "CT Scan" or "Cat Scan" stands for computed topography. These computer generated images are similar to an X-ray, but with several layers. Thus creating an internal, cross-sectional view of the body. This procedure is non-invasive, painless, and usually only takes a couple of minutes. You can expect to lie on a narrow table, similar to a gurney. The narrow table will pass through what looks like a giant, rotating donut. This is how the multi-layer images are taken. CT scans are helpful in diagnosing unexplained pain and/or disease of internal organs. A qualified technician will prepare you for the procedure and operate the CT machine. However, a medical doctor (Radiologist) will decipher the images. This can be done in-house or remotely depending on your facility and your health condition. Occasionally, intravenous dye is used during CT scans. This is dependent upon your condition and your doctor.
X-Rays have been used for decades to diagnose broken bones, lung diseases, and traumatic injuries. This painless, non-invasive procedure can be done in most clinics, as well as the hospital. X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation that pass through solid objects. This is helpful when looking for air, fluid, masses, abnormalities, or fractures in various parts of the body. The exposure to radiation during an x-ray is minimal, however it is important to notify the technician if you are pregnant or could be pregnant. The technician may offer you a lead apron for protection during imaging, depending on the area being processed. Your doctor will discuss the results with you - often times immediately after the images are taken, depending on your condition.
Laboratory services are used to collect and process human specimens. Specimens may be collected at the facility or at home and brought to the lab for processing. Blood or other instantly available specimens may be obtained on-site. A trained phlebotomist, nurse, or medical assistant is qualified to draw blood. A lab technician is also trained in processing those specimens. This may be done in-house, at the nearest hospital, or sent off to a higher-level lab depending on your condition. Laboratory services help doctors determine infection and/or metabolic status in the body, which contributes to a diagnosis.
Another non-invasive method of medical imaging. Sonography is used to create a two-dimensional survey of internal structures. It is most commonly used in pregnancy, but is also used for detecting or measuring abnormalities within organs. A gel-like substance is placed directly on the skin, above area of the body being examined. Then a wand-like tool is applied to that skin and the image within is immediately projected on a computer screen. These images are difficult to interpret except to those trained. A doctor or sonographer will perform the scan. Timing of results depend on your condition and who is conducting exam.
Physical Therapy is a form of allied health prescribed to ease pain, regain strength and movement without the use of medication. Physical therapy also helps repair and prevent future sports injuries. Therapies can include massage, heat treatment, and exercise. Your therapist will create a detailed treatment regimen to safely achieve desired outcomes. Physical Therapy is common after a bodily injury; especially those that required surgery. PT can be done outpatient, inpatient, or at a skilled nursing facility depending on your condition.
Occupational Therapy is used to assess, develop, or regain skills needed to live a physically productive life. Therapy often follows a prolonged physical or mental illness that impaired one's ability to execute activities of daily living and self care. Treatment plans may include relearning how to bathe, prepare food, write, get dressed, and manage all aspects of independent living. Occupational Therapy is most common after a neurologic injury such as stroke or traumatic brain injury. Your therapist will create a customized treatment plan based on patient deficits. Occupational Therapy is like physical therapy, but for your brain. OT can be done inpatient, outpatient, or at a skilled nursing facility depending on your condition.
Home health care brings skilled medical care into your home. A licensed health professional will be assigned to you just as if you were in the hospital. If you are healthy enough to be home but still require frequent medical treatment upon discharge, members of your healthcare team will continue to execute your plan of care. You may receive home visits from a nurse, or physical, occupational, and/or speech therapists. Your team will communicate with your physician regularly and modify your medical orders as needed. Home Healthcare eliminates the burden of frequent travel to appointments while you are healing. Your home health team works alongside your family to help provide advanced care during your recovery.